Working memory involves the conscious processing and managing of information required to carry out complex cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension. It has been described as the brain's conductor.
Memory has long been viewed as a
key aspect of learning, but as the emphasis in educational standards
has shifted away from rote memorization and toward the knowledge and
skills needed to process new information, working memory is increasingly
taking center stage.
There is an explosion of research
today with the aim of understanding how this important function works
and how to enhance it. However, the term working memory was first used
more than 50 years ago to describe the role of recall in planning and
carrying out behavior.
In the 1970s and '80s, British
psychologist Alan Baddeley and colleagues developed a model of working
memory that brings together how the brain accepts sensory input,
processes both visual-spatial and verbal data, and accesses long-term
memory; and how all of that input is processed by a function they
referred to as central executive.
Read the entire blog post at Edutopia.